Laparoscopic procedures are minimally invasive and are performed through small incisions (no more than half an inch) in the abdomen or pelvis. Surgeons use an instrument called a laparoscope, a long, slender tube with a high-intensity light and high-resolution camera, which they insert through the incision.
As the laparoscope moves along, the camera sends images to a video monitor. This allows the surgeon to see inside the body in real time, without open surgery.
Many laparoscopic procedures are performed as same-day surgery. Advantages of laparoscopic surgery versus open surgery include:
- Reduced pain due to smaller incisions
- Shorter recovery period
- Quicker healing
- Smaller scars
- Reduced risk of infection